when you change a file which is already in the repository, you have to
git add it again if you want it to be staged.
This allows you to commit only a subset of the changes you made since the last commit. For example, let's say you have file
b and file
c. You modify file
a and file
b but the changes are very different in nature and you don't want all of them to be in one single commit. You issue
git add a git commit a -m "bugfix, in a" git add b git commit b -m "new feature, in b"
As a side note, if you want to commit everything you can just type
git commit -a
Hope it helps.