search - grep a file, but show several surrounding lines?

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Tags : searchlogginggrepcommand-line-interfacesearch





Top 5 Answer for search - grep a file, but show several surrounding lines?

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95

For BSD or GNU grep you can use -B num to set how many lines before the match and -A num for the number of lines after the match.

grep -B 3 -A 2 foo README.txt 

If you want the same number of lines before and after you can use -C num.

grep -C 3 foo README.txt 

This will show 3 lines before and 3 lines after.

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80

-A and -B will work, as will -C n (for n lines of context), or just -n (for n lines of context... as long as n is 1 to 9).

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76

ack works with similar arguments as grep, and accepts -C. But it's usually better for searching through code.

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60

grep astring myfile -A 5 -B 5 

That will grep "myfile" for "astring", and show 5 lines before and after each match

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52

I normally use

grep searchstring file -C n # n for number of lines of context up and down 

Many of the tools like grep also have really great man files too. I find myself referring to grep's man page a lot because there is so much you can do with it.

man grep 

Many GNU tools also have an info page that may have more useful information in addition to the man page.

info grep 

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