c - __FILE__ macro shows full path

ID : 20395

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Tags : cfilemacrospathc

Top 5 Answer for c - __FILE__ macro shows full path

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96

Try

#include <string.h>  #define __FILENAME__ (strrchr(__FILE__, '/') ? strrchr(__FILE__, '/') + 1 : __FILE__) 

For Windows use '\\' instead of '/'.

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90

Here's a tip if you're using cmake. From: http://public.kitware.com/pipermail/cmake/2013-January/053117.html

I'm copying the tip so it's all on this page:

set(CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS "${CMAKE_CXX_FLAGS} -D__FILENAME__='\"$(subst   ${CMAKE_SOURCE_DIR}/,,$(abspath $<))\"'") 

If you're using GNU make, I see no reason you couldn't extend this to your own makefiles. For example, you might have a line like this:

CXX_FLAGS+=-D__FILENAME__='\"$(subst $(SOURCE_PREFIX)/,,$(abspath $<))\"'" 

where $(SOURCE_PREFIX) is the prefix that you want to remove.

Then use __FILENAME__ in place of __FILE__.

vote vote

75

I have just thought of a great solution to this that works with both source and header files, is very efficient and works on compile time in all platforms without compiler-specific extensions. This solution also preserves the relative directory structure of your project, so you know in which folder the file is in, and only relative to the root of your project.

The idea is to get the size of the source directory with your build tool and just add it to the __FILE__ macro, removing the directory entirely and only showing the file name starting at your source directory.

The following example is implemented using CMake, but there's no reason it wouldn't work with any other build tools, because the trick is very simple.

On the CMakeLists.txt file, define a macro that has the length of the path to your project on CMake:

# The additional / is important to remove the last character from the path. # Note that it does not matter if the OS uses / or \, because we are only # saving the path size. string(LENGTH "${CMAKE_SOURCE_DIR}/" SOURCE_PATH_SIZE) add_definitions("-DSOURCE_PATH_SIZE=${SOURCE_PATH_SIZE}") 

On your source code, define a __FILENAME__ macro that just adds the source path size to the __FILE__ macro:

#define __FILENAME__ (__FILE__ + SOURCE_PATH_SIZE) 

Then just use this new macro instead of the __FILE__ macro. This works because the __FILE__ path will always start with the path to your CMake source dir. By removing it from the __FILE__ string the preprocessor will take care of specifying the correct file name and it will all be relative to the root of your CMake project.

If you care about the performance, this is as efficient as using __FILE__, because both __FILE__ and SOURCE_PATH_SIZE are known compile time constants, so it can be optimized away by the compiler.

The only place where this would fail is if you're using this on generated files and they're on a off-source build folder. Then you'll probably have to create another macro using the CMAKE_BUILD_DIR variable instead of CMAKE_SOURCE_DIR.

vote vote

66

At least for gcc, the value of __FILE__ is the file path as specified on the compiler's command line. If you compile file.c like this:

gcc -c /full/path/to/file.c 

the __FILE__ will expand to "/full/path/to/file.c". If you instead do this:

cd /full/path/to gcc -c file.c 

then __FILE__ will expand to just "file.c".

This may or may not be practical.

The C standard does not require this behavior. All it says about __FILE__ is that it expands to "The presumed name of the current source file (a character string literal)".

An alternative is to use the #line directive. It overrides the current line number, and optionally the source file name. If you want to override the file name but leave the line number alone, use the __LINE__ macro.

For example, you can add this near the top of file.c:

#line __LINE__ "file.c" 

The only problem with this is that it assigns the specified line number to the following line, and the first argument to #line has to be a digit-sequence so you can't do something like

#line (__LINE__-1) "file.c"  // This is invalid 

Ensuring that the file name in the #line directive matches the actual name of the file is left as an exercise.

At least for gcc, this will also affect the file name reported in diagnostic messages.

vote vote

53

GCC 8 now has the -fmacro-prefix-map and -ffile-prefix-map options:

-fmacro-prefix-map=old=new

When preprocessing files residing in directory old, expand the __FILE__ and __BASE_FILE__ macros as if the files resided in directory new instead. This can be used to change an absolute path to a relative path by using . for new which can result in more reproducible builds that are location independent. This option also affects __builtin_FILE() during compilation. See also -ffile-prefix-map.

-ffile-prefix-map=old=new

When compiling files residing in directory old, record any references to them in the result of the compilation as if the files resided in directory new instead. Specifying this option is equivalent to specifying all the individual -f*-prefix-map options. This can be used to make reproducible builds that are location independent. See also -fmacro-prefix-map and -fdebug-prefix-map.

Setting an invalid path for -ffile-prefix-map (-fdebug-prefix-map) will break debugging unless you tell your debugger how to map back. (gdb: set substitue-path, vscode: "sourceFileMap").

If your intent is to only clean up __FILE__ just use -fmacro-prefix-map.

Example: So for my Jenkins builds I will add -ffile-prefix-map=${WORKSPACE}/=/, and another to remove the local dev package install prefix.

NOTE Unfortunately the -ffile-prefix-map and -fmacro-prefix-map options are only available in GCC 8 onwards. For, say, GCC 5, we only have -fdebug-prefix-map which does not affect __FILE__.

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