list - Java 8 stream reverse order

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Top 5 Answer for list - Java 8 stream reverse order

vote vote

95

For the specific question of generating a reverse IntStream, try something like this:

static IntStream revRange(int from, int to) {     return IntStream.range(from, to)                     .map(i -> to - i + from - 1); } 

This avoids boxing and sorting.

For the general question of how to reverse a stream of any type, I don't know of there's a "proper" way. There are a couple ways I can think of. Both end up storing the stream elements. I don't know of a way to reverse a stream without storing the elements.

This first way stores the elements into an array and reads them out to a stream in reverse order. Note that since we don't know the runtime type of the stream elements, we can't type the array properly, requiring an unchecked cast.

@SuppressWarnings("unchecked") static <T> Stream<T> reverse(Stream<T> input) {     Object[] temp = input.toArray();     return (Stream<T>) IntStream.range(0, temp.length)                                 .mapToObj(i -> temp[temp.length - i - 1]); } 

Another technique uses collectors to accumulate the items into a reversed list. This does lots of insertions at the front of ArrayList objects, so there's lots of copying going on.

Stream<T> input = ... ; List<T> output =     input.collect(ArrayList::new,                   (list, e) -> list.add(0, e),                   (list1, list2) -> list1.addAll(0, list2)); 

It's probably possible to write a much more efficient reversing collector using some kind of customized data structure.

UPDATE 2016-01-29

Since this question has gotten a bit of attention recently, I figure I should update my answer to solve the problem with inserting at the front of ArrayList. This will be horribly inefficient with a large number of elements, requiring O(N^2) copying.

It's preferable to use an ArrayDeque instead, which efficiently supports insertion at the front. A small wrinkle is that we can't use the three-arg form of Stream.collect(); it requires the contents of the second arg be merged into the first arg, and there's no "add-all-at-front" bulk operation on Deque. Instead, we use addAll() to append the contents of the first arg to the end of the second, and then we return the second. This requires using the Collector.of() factory method.

The complete code is this:

Deque<String> output =     input.collect(Collector.of(         ArrayDeque::new,         (deq, t) -> deq.addFirst(t),         (d1, d2) -> { d2.addAll(d1); return d2; })); 

The result is a Deque instead of a List, but that shouldn't be much of an issue, as it can easily be iterated or streamed in the now-reversed order.

vote vote

82

Elegant solution

List<Integer> list = Arrays.asList(1,2,3,4); list.stream()     .boxed() // Converts Intstream to Stream<Integer>     .sorted(Collections.reverseOrder()) // Method on Stream<Integer>     .forEach(System.out::println); 
vote vote

79

General Question:

Stream does not store any elements.

So iterating elements in the reverse order is not possible without storing the elements in some intermediate collection.

Stream.of("1", "2", "20", "3")       .collect(Collectors.toCollection(ArrayDeque::new)) // or LinkedList       .descendingIterator()       .forEachRemaining(System.out::println); 

Update: Changed LinkedList to ArrayDeque (better) see here for details

Prints:

3  20  2  1 

By the way, using sort method is not correct as it sorts, NOT reverses (assuming stream may have unordered elements)

Specific Question:

I found this simple, easier and intuitive(Copied @Holger comment)

IntStream.iterate(to - 1, i -> i - 1).limit(to - from) 
vote vote

63

Many of the solutions here sort or reverse the IntStream, but that unnecessarily requires intermediate storage. Stuart Marks's solution is the way to go:

static IntStream revRange(int from, int to) {     return IntStream.range(from, to).map(i -> to - i + from - 1); } 

It correctly handles overflow as well, passing this test:

@Test public void testRevRange() {     assertArrayEquals(revRange(0, 5).toArray(), new int[]{4, 3, 2, 1, 0});     assertArrayEquals(revRange(-5, 0).toArray(), new int[]{-1, -2, -3, -4, -5});     assertArrayEquals(revRange(1, 4).toArray(), new int[]{3, 2, 1});     assertArrayEquals(revRange(0, 0).toArray(), new int[0]);     assertArrayEquals(revRange(0, -1).toArray(), new int[0]);     assertArrayEquals(revRange(MIN_VALUE, MIN_VALUE).toArray(), new int[0]);     assertArrayEquals(revRange(MAX_VALUE, MAX_VALUE).toArray(), new int[0]);     assertArrayEquals(revRange(MIN_VALUE, MIN_VALUE + 1).toArray(), new int[]{MIN_VALUE});     assertArrayEquals(revRange(MAX_VALUE - 1, MAX_VALUE).toArray(), new int[]{MAX_VALUE - 1}); } 
vote vote

51

without external lib...

import java.util.List; import java.util.Collections; import java.util.stream.Collector;  public class MyCollectors {      public static <T> Collector<T, ?, List<T>> toListReversed() {         return Collectors.collectingAndThen(Collectors.toList(), l -> {             Collections.reverse(l);             return l;         });     }  } 

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