string - When should I use double or single quotes in JavaScript?

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Top 5 Answer for string - When should I use double or single quotes in JavaScript?

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90

The most likely reason for use of single vs. double in different libraries is programmer preference and/or API consistency. Other than being consistent, use whichever best suits the string.

Using the other type of quote as a literal:

alert('Say "Hello"'); alert("Say 'Hello'"); 

This can get complicated:

alert("It's \"game\" time."); alert('It\'s "game" time.'); 

Another option, new in ECMAScript 6, is template literals which use the backtick character:

alert(`Use "double" and 'single' quotes in the same string`); alert(`Escape the \` back-tick character and the \${ dollar-brace sequence in a string`); 

Template literals offer a clean syntax for: variable interpolation, multi-line strings, and more.

Note that JSON is formally specified to use double quotes, which may be worth considering depending on system requirements.

vote vote

85

If you're dealing with JSON, it should be noted that strictly speaking, JSON strings must be double quoted. Sure, many libraries support single quotes as well, but I had great problems in one of my projects before realizing that single quoting a string is in fact not according to JSON standards.

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79

There is no one better solution; however, I would like to argue that double quotes may be more desirable at times:

  • Newcomers will already be familiar with double quotes from their language. In English, we must use double quotes " to identify a passage of quoted text. If we were to use a single quote ', the reader may misinterpret it as a contraction. The other meaning of a passage of text surrounded by the ' indicates the 'colloquial' meaning. It makes sense to stay consistent with pre-existing languages, and this may likely ease the learning and interpretation of code.
  • Double quotes eliminate the need to escape apostrophes (as in contractions). Consider the string: "I'm going to the mall", vs. the otherwise escaped version: 'I\'m going to the mall'.
  • Double quotes mean a string in many other languages. When you learn a new language like Java or C, double quotes are always used. In Ruby, PHP and Perl, single-quoted strings imply no backslash escapes while double quotes support them.

  • JSON notation is written with double quotes.

Nonetheless, as others have stated, it is most important to remain consistent.

vote vote

69

Section 7.8.4 of the specification describes literal string notation. The only difference is that DoubleStringCharacter is "SourceCharacter but not double-quote" and SingleStringCharacter is "SourceCharacter but not single-quote". So the only difference can be demonstrated thusly:

'A string that\'s single quoted'  "A string that's double quoted" 

So it depends on how much quote escaping you want to do. Obviously the same applies to double quotes in double quoted strings.

vote vote

55

Single Quotes

I wish double quotes were the standard, because they make a little bit more sense, but I keep using single quotes because they dominate the scene.

Single quotes:

No preference:

Double quotes:

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